Kuntilanak (Malay: puntianak, pontianak) is a ghost that is believed to come from pregnant women who died or the woman who died in childbirth and child have not been born. The name “kuntilanak” or “Pontianak” is most likely derived from the combination of the word “pregnant” (pregnant) and “son”.
Pontianak city got its name because it is said Abdurrahman Alkadrie, founder of Pontianak Sultanate, this ghost interrupted when the court will determine the place of establishment.
Kuntilanak ghost ghost is one of the most in fear by our society. These are usually intangible ghost woman with long hair and has a groaning sound very scary. Occurrences / kuntilanak ghost sightings, said normally when night after maghrib time, especially during light rain. According to myth in circulation, if there kuntilanak voice sounded far away, then in fact it deket kuntilanak with us and vice versa, if the voice sounded kuntilanak close, then the ghost is far away from our location.
In Malay folklore, kuntilanak figure depicted in the form of a beautiful woman whose backs are perforated. Kuntilanak portrayed terrorizing villagers happy to take revenge. Kuntilanak as appears always accompanied by fragrant frangipani flowers. It is said that men who are not careful could be killed after kuntilanak transformed into blood-sucking. Kuntilanak also happy to eat babies and harm pregnant women.
In the horror stories and horror movies on TV Malaysia, kuntilanak depicted kill prey by sucking the blood in the neck, like a vampire.
Somewhat different from the picture according to the tradition of Malay, Sundanese kuntilanak according to tradition does not have a hole in the back and only interfere with the appearance alone. The kind that has a hole in the back as the description above is called sundel perforated. Kuntilanak reportedly also liked a certain tree as a place to “sit”, such as hibiscus that grow leaning to the side (popularly called “hibiscus inclined”).
Based on the beliefs and traditions of the Javanese, kuntilanak will not interfere with the pregnant woman if the woman is always carrying nails, knives, and scissors when traveling anywhere. This led to the frequent habit of putting encountered scissors, needles and knives near the crib.
According to the Malay community trust, sharp objects like nails can ward off attacks kuntilanak. When kuntilanak attack, nails were driven in the hole in the back of the neck kuntilanak. While in other Indonesian community trust, the location for driving nails can be shifted to the top of the crown kuntilanak.